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Figures & Stories

Alternatively, browse terms in alphabetical order according to their Chinese Pinyin 汉语拼音

Chinese Pinyin: Qiuhu Xi Qi
Chinese: 秋胡戏妻 (鲁洁妇)
Name Of Image: Qiuhu trying to seduce his own wife
Description:

Qiuhu (秋胡), a native of the state of Lu during the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BCE), was ordered to take up an official post in the state of Chen a scant five days after his marriage to Jiefu (洁妇), …

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Chinese Pinyin: Qu Yuan Yu Yu Fu
Chinese: 屈原遇渔父(渔夫)
Name Of Image: Qu Yuan Meeting a Fisherman
Description:

These set of images portray the last moment of the life of Qu Yuan 屈原 (340-278 BCE), an important Chinese poet and politician, who was in exile in the wilderness because of his unsuitable political stance in court. He was …

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Chinese Pinyin: San Suan Tu
Chinese: 三酸图
Name Of Image: Picture of Three Sours
Description:

One day during Su Shi (苏轼, 1037 – 1101)’s exile in Huangzhou, Hubei province, his friend, Fo Yin (佛印, 1032 – 98) invited him and Huang Tingjian (黄庭坚, 1045 – 1105) to taste the ‘Peach-Blossom-Flavoured Vinegar’, made with a famous …

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Chinese Pinyin: Sui Yang Di Ye You Xi Yuan
Chinese: 隋炀帝夜游西苑
Name Of Image: Night Revel of the Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty
Description:

Emperor Yang of the Sui dynasty (隋炀帝, r. 606-18) is known for many achievements, such as linking the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers with the man-made Grand Canal, leading successful military campaigns expanding the Sui territory, and being accomplished in the …

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Chinese Pinyin: Wang Xiang Wo Bing Qiu Li
Chinese: 王祥卧冰求鲤
Name Of Image: Wang Xiang Lay on Ice to Catch Carp
Description:

Wang Xiang (王祥 185-269) served as the Grand Protector (taibao 太保) in the Western Jin court (西晋 265-316 CE) and, as a significant politician, has his biography in the Book of Jin (jinshu 晋书), an official historical text covering the …

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Chinese Pinyin: Wei Jie
Chinese: 卫玠
Name Of Image: Wei Jie
Description:

Wei Jie (卫玠, 286-312) was admired as a handsome “jade man’ when he appeared in his signature goat-drawn carriage in town. Wei Jie shone like a piece of gleaming diamond whichever company he was in. On 17th century porcelain, the …

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Chinese Pinyin: Xiahou Dun Ba Shi Dan Jing
Chinese: 夏侯惇拔矢啖睛
Name Of Image: Xiahou Dun Yanking an Arrow that Pierced His Eyeball
Description:

Xiahou Dun (夏侯惇, died 13 June 220) was one of Cao Cao’s (曹操, 155 – 220) most valued generals in the late Eastern Han dynasty (东汉, 25–220) of China. Xiahou showed his strong temperament even when he was in his …

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Chinese Pinyin: Xiangru Ti Qiao
Chinese: 相如题桥
Name Of Image: Sima Xiangru Inscribing on the Bridge Gateway
Description:

Sima Xiangru Inscribing on the Bridge Gateway (相如题桥)’ was a popular theme in theatre from at least the Song (960 – 1279) through to the Qing (1644 – 1911) dynasty. Sima Xiangru (司马相如) was a Western Han (202 BCE – …

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Chinese Pinyin: Xiao Shi Chui Xiao Yin Feng
Chinese: 萧史吹箫引凤
Name Of Image: Xiao Shi’s Playing the Xiao Flute Attracting Phoenixes
Description:

Duke Mu of the Qin State (秦穆公, died 621 BCE) was one of the so-called Five Hegemons (五霸 wuba) in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 – 476 BCE) (春秋 chunqiu). He had a daughter named ‘Nongyu (弄玉, meaning Playing …

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Chinese Pinyin: Xiwangmu Zhu Shou
Chinese: 西王母祝寿
Name Of Image: Birthday Celebration for the Queen Mother of the West
Description:

In Zhuangzi (庄子), an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476–221 BCE)  and one of the two foundational texts of Daoism, the Queen Mother of the West (Xiwangmu 西王母) was mentioned as a deity who ‘obtained the Dao (the Way)’. …

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